Blog #7 Learning Areas


The learning areas of the Montessori method


Learning through the Montessori method is divided into 5 main areas. This is so in schools that adopt this form of teaching, but also in the spaces of homes whose families want to adopt the method at different moments of the day.
It is interesting to note that more and more schools and kindergartens adapt their spaces in a similar way, although they are not strictly “Montessori” schools. This is due to the results of the implementation of this methodology based on defined and adapted areas.

Practical life

This area seeks to prepare children for the real experiences of everyday life. The aim is to develop autonomy, security, coordination, self-confidence, self-discipline, environmental awareness and independence. This is where all activities related to movement control and fine motor skills and the ability to concentrate come in.

From activities such as sweeping or cleaning a table to transferring liquids from one container to another, going through all kinds of activities related to daily respect, as well as walking a line or putting balls in a hole.

These activities help the child gain confidence in himself and in his own abilities, something that will greatly benefit his growth as a person.


The sensory area is focused so that the child develops the innate and human sensory capacities to the maximum. The activities in the area seek that smell, touch, sight, hearing and taste are lived freely and that through games and experiments the perceptions are developed that help us to differentiate things through one sense or another. .


The area of mathematics is oriented towards the development of concepts such as numbering, counting, quantity, fractions, addition, subtraction, multiplication, subtraction and division. This is done with different materials, including the famous slats and bars, spindles, numbers and counters or the abacus.

Language and reading and writing skills

In this area, everything related to words is worked on, from phonetics to the composition of a text, through grammar, the study of words and the analysis of sentences. Children begin to differentiate words and language ability to communicate visually, but without being exactly graphic. Accentuation, poetry, etymologies: everything related to words can be worked on in this area.


This area of learning is dedicated to geography and languages, science, botany and zoology, and art and music. It is a very broad area and that partially overlaps with some of the other areas, since for the understanding of some things it is also necessary of others: to understand languages we must understand language, to learn music we must pay attention to the mathematics and the development of hearing, and etc.

Within the Montessori methodology, much attention is paid to this compartmentalized form of learning. It can be applied perfectly at home, although surely few people will have so much space.

See you soon in a new blog and never forget, that we learn by playing.

xoxo AZ.